While some people may consider the debate of iced coffee vs hot coffee as a debate of us vs them, I think of iced coffee and hot coffee more as yin and yang. They’re both coffee, after all, so we should love them both equally!
However, people do have personal preferences so I decided to do some digging and see what objective (and subjective) differences I could find between iced and hot coffee.
Iced coffee vs hot coffee: caffeine content
Caffeine content really depends more upon the volume of coffee you’re drinking than anything else. For example, a shot of espresso contains less caffeine than an 8 oz cup of brewed coffee, but that’s because the espresso shot is just 1-2 ounces, whereas a cup is a whole lot more.
To really compare which of the two coffees iced or hot has more caffeine, we have to dig a little deeper and see how the coffee was actually prepared.
For arguments’ sake, let’s assume that the hot coffee in question is simple dripped coffee using a medium roast and 8 ounces of it.
Iced coffee is not quite straightforward, since you can make iced coffee in quite a few different ways.
Iced coffee from brewed coffee
The easiest way to make iced coffee is to let dripped coffee cool down and then throw some ice cubes into it. In this case, iced coffee is just hot-brewed coffee, served cold, so the caffeine content will be pretty much the same between iced or hot, which is between 100 to 200 mg per cup.
Iced coffee from an espresso shot
Another way to make iced coffee – usually lattes or frappuccinos – is by adding an espresso shot to a cup of frozen or iced milk. In this case, it depends on if you get a single or a double shot. A single shot of espresso contains 50-70 mg of caffeine, and a double shot will contain 100-150 mg.
Iced coffee made with a single shot of espresso will have less caffeine than regular hot coffee, and a double shot will be almost at par.
Iced coffee from cold brew
Cold brew coffee has been really taking off for the past few years and for good reason, it seems. Cold brew coffee is refreshing and has a much mellower flavor than regular coffee.
The interesting thing is that cold brew has very similar amounts of caffeine as hot brewed coffee, but the caffeine is released much more gradually into the bloodstream, so you’ll feel the effect for much longer.
What should you have in the morning?
Many of us can’t start our mornings properly unless we have a good cup of coffee. In fact, as I am sitting here writing this, I have a steaming mug of coffee next to me that I am sipping in between sentences(it’s morning here).
One question that comes up is can you have coffee on an empty stomach? Presumably this is first thing in the morning, right?
The answer is a bit complex, but the general idea is that hot coffee is a bit towards the acidic side, and consuming an acidic beverage first thing in the morning may cause issues with some people. However, keep in mind that hundreds of millions – if not billions – of people have coffee first thing in the morning every day and they’re still fine.
Note: This is NOT medical advice, and only purely anecdotal. If you have concerns about your health, please talk to your doctor.
Regardless of whether you’re having hot coffee or iced brewed coffee, the acid content is going to be quite similar.
Cold brew coffee has the goodness of coffee and much less acid content, so if reflux or high acidity is a pain point for you, then consider switching to cold brew in the morning.
Iced coffee and hot coffee calories
Iced coffee and hot coffee are very much on par when it comes to calorie count, until you start adding flavorings like creamers and sugar.
- An 8 ounce cup of hot coffee has just 2 calories
- One tablespoon of 2% milk has 10 calories, so if you added that much milk to your coffee, you’re looking at around 12 calories
- One teaspoon of sugar has 16 calories, so if you added that much sugar to your milky coffee, you’re looking at around 28 calories
Assuming you throw some ice into this preparation and drink it as iced coffee, you’re consuming the same 28 calories for about 8 ounces of liquid.
The moment you step out of your house and head over to Dunkin Donuts or Starbucks, though, things get messy.
An 8 ounce Starbucks cafe latte has 110 calories.
If you were just counting calories, you could have 4 cups of coffee at home for the same number of calories you’re getting from 1 Starbucks cafe latte.
Iced coffee vs cold brew coffee
Like I said above, iced coffee has tons of variations whereas cold brew coffee is pretty much standard. Of course it does depend on how you modify it before drinking.
Iced coffee can be brewed hot, then cooled down, whereas cold brew coffee is brewed cold, as the name suggests.
Also, while iced coffee is typically enjoyed as is, cold brew coffee usually needs to be diluted as the brew you make is very concentrated(some ratios use a 1:2 coffee to water ratio, which is VERY strong).
Finally, iced coffee will have the same acidity as hot coffee, whereas cold brew coffee is much less acidic.
Of course, you could just pour cold brew coffee over ice, add a splash of milk, and call that iced coffee and you would not be wrong.
So it’s safe to say that the iced coffee and cold brew coffee comparison is quite a tricky, winding road.
Cold brew coffee vs hot-brewed coffee
Next up in our icy hot comparison is cold brew vs hot brewed coffee. We’ve talked about this subject in great detail in our post on cold brew coffee, but I’m going to recap it here very shortly.
Hot brewed coffee is brewed using water that has been heated up to 195-205 degrees C, and the flavors are extracted very quickly from the coffee grounds because the hot water molecules have so much energy.
Cold brew coffee is brewed using cold water, so the extraction process is much more gradual and gentle, and instead of the few minutes it takes to brew hot coffee, this takes anywhere between 12 to 24 hours.
Since the brewing process is so much more gentle(cold water molecules are much more lethargic), cold brew is much less acidic.
A study found that cold brew contains 3 times less acid than hot brewed coffee, and cited that the lower temperature of cold brew results in less of the oils in coffee getting oxidized, which contributes to the sour/bitter taste of coffee.
Is iced or hot coffee healthier?
After all of this comparison and debate, the question remains: which is healthier? Hot or iced coffee?
In terms of caffeine, we saw that iced and hot coffee are pretty much at par(including cold brew coffee).
In terms of calories, it’s the same: iced and hot coffee are pretty much at par, unless you start adding milk or cream or sugar.
In terms of acidity, iced coffee can either be the same as hot coffee, or if you’re using cold brew, it will be significantly less.
If you have a sensitive stomach and are prone to acid reflux, then cold brew may be easier on your system than hot coffee, certainly first thing in the morning.
There are lots of other claims and theories about the benefits of cold brew over hot brew:
- Cold brew is higher in anti-oxidants. Some people claim that the heat in hot brewed coffee destroys anti-oxidants, but other studies have shown that some anti-oxidants in coffee are better absorbed into the body when the beverage is hot.
- Since cold brew is less acidic, people tout the benefits of alkalinity in the body. However, alkaline water and alkalinity’s health benefits are not very well grounded in science.
One out of the box health benefit of cold brew, however, is that the milder taste will encourage people to have cold brew without or with less sugar than hot coffee, so you’re saving on both calories and cutting back on sugar at the same time.